Sunday, August 23, 2020

Cassava Starch free essay sample

Cassava (Manihot esculenta), additionally called manioc, custard or yuca, is one of the most significant food crops in the muggy tropics, being especially fit to states of low supplement accessibility and ready to endure dry season (Burrell, 2003). The plant develops to a tallness of 1 to 3 m and a few roots might be found on each plant. In spite of the fact that cassava leaves are once in a while expended, the major gathered organ is the tuber, which is really a swollen root. The plant is proliferated for the most part from stem cuttings. A significant impediment of cassava creation is the fast post reap disintegration of its foundations which for the most part forestalls their capacity in the new state for in excess of a couple of days (Okezie and Kosikowski, 1982). Cassava positions high among crops that convert the best measure of sun powered vitality into solvent sugars per unit of territory. Among the bland staples, cassava gives a starch creation which is about 40% higher than rice and 25% more than maize, with the outcome that cassava is the least expensive wellspring of calories for both human sustenance and creature taking care of. A run of the mill arrangement of the cassava root is dampness (70%), starch (24%), fiber (2%), protein (1%) and different substances including minerals (3%) Compared to different harvests, cassava exceeds expectations under imperfect conditions, offering the chance of utilizing peripheral land to build all out rural creation (Cock, 1982). Plant reproducers, agronomists and as of late atomic researcher have made considerable enhancements in cassava yields during the most recent two decades. While, hereditary portrayal and mapping has uncovered a few bits of knowledge into the sub-atomic nature of cassava (Tonukari et al. 1997; Fregene et al. 003) Plastics are manufactured substances created by compound responses. Practically all plastics are produced using oil, with the exception of a couple of trial saps got from corn and other natural substances. Plastic has numerous properties which has settled on it a crude material of decision for Manufactures of plastic Bags and pressing materia ls. Cost of creation, lightweight, quality, simple procedure of production, and accessibility are not many of the properties. Man has basically not put the plastic to the correct use/or utilizing it without taking legitimate consideration of other related standards of use. The risks plastics present are various. The land gets littered by plastic pack trash introducing an appalling and unhygienic seen. The Throw away culture brings about these packs finding their way in to the city seepage framework, the subsequent blockage cases bother, troublesome in keeping up the waste with expanded expense, makes unhygienic condition bringing about wellbeing peril and spreading of water borne maladies. This littering additionally decreases pace of downpour water permeating, bringing about bringing down of effectively low water levels in our urban communities. The dirt fruitfulness crumbles as the plastic sacks structure portions of excrement stay in the dirt for quite a long time. Individuals need elective and compelling segments of plastic that is sheltered and biodegradable which won't hurt and contaminate the earth. Noteworthiness: This examination is imperative to have the option to assist Mother With earthing in decreasing its contaminations and poisonous or destructive squanders. Through this examination, the scientists will have the option to support others, the creatures and nature. The analysts might want to stop plastic contamination and be a piece of the arrangement. Plastic sacks and jugs, similar to all types of plastic, make huge ecological and financial weights. They devour developing measures of vitality and other common assets, debasing the earth from various perspectives. Notwithstanding spending petroleum derivatives and different assets, plastic items make litter, hurt marine life, and compromise the premise of life on earth. There is more than 45 million tons of plastics for each year and about each bit of plastic at any point made despite everything exists today on account of its long-life properties. Biodegradable plastics could be a successful answer for these issues. Biodegradable plastics are a greatly improved decision than non biodegradable plastics since they are more amicable to the earth and nature. Biodegradable plastics separate quicker, can be reused simpler and are non-harmful. With these qualities of biodegradable plastics, we could help spare lives and the earth also and decrease the danger plastics provide for marine life. Plastic, the marvel material that we use for everything, is maybe the most unsafe of this garbage since it doesn't promptly separate in nature however on the off chance that it is biodegradable, these plastics separate quicker so they have an a lot shorter impact on the earth, and they will debase totally. Ordinary plastics are fabricated utilizing oil, and this procedure is hurtful to nature by contaminating the air and condition, yet this isn't the situation with green biodegradable plastics. Utilizing biodegradable plastics will limit the impacts that these items have on the earth, and help dispose of their waste a lot quicker. Survey of Related Literature: In the previous scarcely any decades, there has been a checked development in the improvement of biodegradable plastics from sustainable assets, particularly for those got from starch-based materials. The objective of this advancement is to get biodegradable plastics that proceed just as conventional plastics when being used and which totally biodegrade at removal. A few starch-based plastics have been brought into the market, and are utilized in certain applications now. Starch froth is one of the significant starch-based bundling materials. It is delivered by expulsion or pressure/blast innovation. This item has been created as a trade for polystyrene which is utilized to deliver free fillers and other extended things. Another sort of starch-based plastics is delivered by mixing or blending starch in with manufactured polyester. For this sort of biodegradable plastics, granular starch can be straightforwardly mixed with polymer, or its granular structure can be destructurized before being consolidated into the polymer lattice. The sort of starch and engineered polymer just as their relative extents in the mixes impact the properties of the subsequent plastics. The last gathering of starch-based plastics is polyesters that are delivered from starch. The significant starch-inferred polyesters in the market currently are polylactic corrosive and polyhydroxyalkanoate. Test contemplates have shown that cassava starch could be utilized for making different kinds of bundling items. As a significant wellspring of starch in tropical and subtropical districts, cassava is a promising crude material for the improvement of biodegradable plastics in these regions. Research has been done on HYPERLINK http://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Biodegradable _blank o Biodegradablebiodegradable plastics that separate with presentation to daylight (e. g. , HYPERLINK http://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Ultra-violet_radiation _blank o Ultra-violet radiationultra-violet radiation), water or sogginess, microbes, chemicals, wind scraped area and a few occurrences rat bug or creepy crawly assault are likewise included as types of HYPERLINK http://en. ikipedia. organization/wiki/Biodegradation _blank o Biodegradationbiodegradation or HYPERLINK http://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Environmental_degradation _blank o Environmental degradationenvironmental debasement. It is away from of these methods of corruption will possibly work if the plastic is uncovered at the surf ace, while different modes may be successful if certain conditions exist in landfill or treating the soil frameworks. HYPERLINK http://en. wikipedia. rg/wiki/Starch _blank o StarchStarch powder has been blended in with plastic as a filler to permit it to debase all the more effectively, yet it despite everything doesn't prompt total breakdown of the plastic. A few specialists have really HYPERLINK http://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Genetic_engineering _blank o Genetic engineeringgenetically designed microbes that incorporate a totally biodegradable plastic, yet this material, for example, HYPERLINK http://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Biopol _blank o BiopolBiopol, is costly at present. The decent variety and pervasiveness of plastic items generously vouch for the flexibility of the unique class of designing materials known as polymers. Be that as it may, the non-biodegradability of these petrochemical-based materials has been a wellspring of ecological concerns and thus, the main impetus in the quest for ‘green’ choices for which starch remains the frontliner. Starch is a characteristic biopolymer comprising prevalently of two polymer kinds of glucose specifically amylose and amylopectin. The benefits of starch for plastic creation incorporate its inexhaustibility, great oxygen hindrance in the dry state, bounty, ease and biodegradability. The longstanding journey of creating starch-based biodegradable plastics has seen the utilization of various starches in numerous structures, for example, local granular starch, altered starch, plasticized starch and in mixes with numerous engineered polymers, both biodegradable and non-biodegradable, to accomplish cost adequacy and biodegradation separately. In such manner, starch has been utilized as fillers in starch-filled polymer mixes, thermoplastic starch (TPS) (created from the blend of starch, plasticizer and thermomechanical vitality), in the creation of frothed starch and biodegradable engineered polymer like polylactic corrosive (PLA) with shifting outcomes. In any case, most starch-based composites display poor material properties, for example, rigidity, yield quality, solidness and extension at break, and furthermore poor dampness strength. This in this manner justified logical requests towards improving the properties of these promising starch-based biocomposites through starch adjustment, utilization of compatibilizers and fortifications (both natural and inorganic), preparing conditions, all in the expectation of acknowledging inexhaustible biodegradable substitutes for the traditional plastics. Meaning of Terms Biodegradable ready to decay na

Friday, August 21, 2020

Social Contract essays

Implicit agreement papers It probably won't be conceivable to live a moral and well behaved life and still have the option to keep up control of our predetermination without being squashed by outside forces. In any case, we should attempt on the off chance that we need to live as a feature of a network, we should attempt since we'll be returning to a province of Nature on the off chance that we don't. At the point when Jean Jacques Rousseau composed The Social Contract he expressed that ...a point was reached throughout the entire existence of humanity when the snags to proceeding in a province of Nature were more grounded than the powers which every individual could utilize as far as possible of proceeding in it. (Rousseau, p.179) and that ...mankind would have died had it not changed its way of presence. (Rousseau, p.179). On account of this Social Contract people have deserted a territory of Nature where ethic and laws didn't exist and they became rather a network building up an ...a focal heading... (Rousseau, p.179) and figuring out how act in show... (Rousseau, p.179). In any event, when outside forces can control our fate we ought to try constantly to live a moral and decent life. On the off chance that we do stop well be influencing us and every other person around us. It will be the initial move towards downhill on the tricky slant. The tricky slant can be characterized as: on the off chance that An is allowed, at that point by a progressive arrangement of little strides through B, C, ..., X, Y, inevitably Z will be as well. We ought not allow Z so in this way, we ought not allow A. Applying living a moral and honest life to this idea we can express that on the off chance that I quit doing it, my neighbor will quit doing it, and his neighbor will quit doing it, et cetera until the whole society will quit doing it, leaving us in a totally territory of Nature. Jean Jacques Rousseau certified that What a man loses because of the Social Contract is his normal freedom and his unfit right to lay hands on all that entices him..... <!

Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Research The Use of Marijuana among Medical Students - 2200 Words

Research The Use of Marijuana among Medical Students (Research Paper Sample) Content: Name:Instructor:Subject:Date: The Use of Marijuana among Medical Students Problem StatementDrugs are used for a number of beneficial purposes when directed by qualified medical personnel. However, some drugs can have detrimental effects when used wantonly, and one such drug is Marijuana. Within the medical profession, specifically in medical schools, the problem experienced is the incorrect use of marijuana by the medical students, and it involves using it incorrectly for medicinal purpose, to improve brain function, and to promote social interaction.Description of the ProblemMarijuana is derived from the hemp plant known as Cannabis sativa. It is the mainly used illegal drug in the US. In most cases, the plants leaves are dried and smoked, as well as its seeds, stems, and flowers. Marijuana can also be mixed and taken with food or brewed as tea. It has many street names, such as herb, weed, and pot. In adults, the rates of smoking marijuana have been stable since th e 1990s. However, statistics show that about 30% of young people are today smoking marijuana. Since the majority of youthful people are in colleges, they have abused this drug in a number of ways.Using Marijuana for Medical Purpose IncorrectlyNumerous states in the United States are passing legislations advocating the use of marijuana as medicine. This raises questions as to what marijuana treats, as well as who should use it. According to Dehaas (par. 7), medical students have grabbed this opportunity and are incorrectly using marijuana for medicinal value. As medicine, Marijuana is used for alleviating pain in the body, regardless of the disease. In states that have legalized marijuana, doctors and medical students prescribe it when they believe it can take away any pain or illness. A patient is given a marijuana card to help him, or her buy marijuana from a seller authorized to run a marijuana dispensary. Following marijuana legalization, medical students have taken advantage of the situation and are using it to treat a myriad of diseases. Some of these include seizure disorders, muscle spasm from multiple sclerosis, nausea caused by cancer chemotherapy, and weightless and poor appetite caused by chronic illnesses, such as nerve pain or HIV AIDs (Dehaas par. 9). A key ingredient in Marijuana called Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is responsible for improving appetite and treating nausea. Once taken as medicine, Marijuana is absorbed in the body as a chemical affecting inflammation and pain, among others. Also, it can catalyze the working of natural chemicals. Marijuana is used through smoking, vaporization, eating, or taking it as a liquid extract. Although Marijuana has medicinal value, it has a number of side effects, including drowsiness, euphoria, dizziness, and a short-term memory loss. However, there are some serious effects such as severe psychosis and anxiety (Emmett and Nice 19).Medical marijuana does not lie in the category of FDA-approved medicines. This is because when using it, it is not easy to tell its ability to cause cancer, as well as its side effects, purity, and potency. People with a marijuana card are the only ones allowed to use marijuana medicinally. Doctors should not prescribe medical marijuana to people under 18. Others who are not allowed to use it are those suffering from heart disease, those with a history of psychosis and pregnant women. However, these guidelines are not being followed by the university students (Emmett and Nice 23). Using Marijuana to Improve Brain FunctionThe information by Engs and Teijlingen (439) indicates that at least 18% of medical students use Marijuana to improve brain functioning to carry out their day-to-day activities. Engs and Teijlingen (441) attribute the use of marijuana to tiring academic work, which forces a number of students to use the drug as a stimulant for reading. The functioning of a human brain depends on a multifaceted interplay of chemicals referred to as neurot ransmitters that function as information carriers between the brain cells known as neurons. THC, the main active ingredient in marijuana, interferes with this interplay and alters the strength of some of the signals. THC also interrupts the normal communication of neurons and brain circuits.THC interacts with proteins in the brain known as cannabinoid receptors. A high concentration of these proteins is present in the critical areas of the brain, essential for reward processing, learning, pain perception, and memory. Scientists believe that activating cannabinoid receptors in a humans brain may cause the likelihood of abusing Marijuana. Abuse of marijuana can cause some enduring changes to the working of the brain, particularly to people with a greater risk of psychiatric disorders (Engs and Teijlingen 442). According to Solowij (74), when the use of marijuana is repeated during a youthful stage, it can increase the risk of psychosis and decrease adulthood IQ. It can also alter the brain and increase its vulnerability to harmful illicit drugs. This means if the continued use of marijuana will be left in the hands of medical students the new breed of graduates will have a reduced IQ and will thus not cope with the rigors of their profession (Solowij 78). The addictive and medicinal properties of marijuana have impelled the search for new drugs to exhibit a reduced ability for abuse while maintaining therapeutic value. A recent discovery shows that the brain produces chemicals naturally and these targets cannabinoid receptors, opening avenues for drug discovery. New studies promise that drugs that target the natural cannabinoid system of the brain may offer relief to patients that suffer from devastating conditions, including mental health disorders, chronic pain, and obesity (Solowij 79).Using Marijuana to Promote Social InteractionThere are several factors causing university students to use marijuana, and curiosity is one of them. The study by the DrugScope A lcohol Concern (24) indicates that students use marijuana for the sake of fitting into a social group, and the medical students are not exempted. Although peer pressure is most rampant during the adolescent stage, the university students are equally affected. Interacting with marijuana users influences one to follow suit. Also, those already exposed to smoking cigarettes or taking alcohol are at a great risk of using marijuana. According to Tashkin (635), about 85% students from top universities in the US smoke to fit in a social norm. This means about 85% of university students are likely to use marijuana in the course of their studies. University students use marijuana to cover up past assaults on their lives. When one is sexually or physically abused, this heightens a risk of using marijuana, as well as other drugs. This is done to forget the abuse, but the victim becomes addicted rather than finding help. Research by the Seatle Hospital Reseach Foundations (5) indicates that the utilization of marijuana in university students occurs as a result of ones background. When role models of such students are people using drugs, this heightens the risk of the students to use marijuana or other drugs, as well. This depicts that the environment of a university student is a determinant of whether they should use marijuana or not. There is no magic bullet to prevent drug use among university students. As a result, a one-on-one discussion about the use of marijuana is very important. Research holds that parents are very influential to university students even when it does not seem so. However, the study by the Seatle Hospital Reseach Foundation (4) indicates that parents do not talk openly to their children in the university. This has shielded active engagement between the parent and the university student, and thus students fail to differentiate between myths and facts so as to make the right decision per the current evidence. Impact AnalysisIf marijuana is left in th e hands of medical students, a number of adverse effects are likely to take place and this will impact their professional development. First of all use of marijuana for medicinal value is likely to lead to abuse of the same drug, and this will result into poor physical and social health. At the same time, if the drug will be used as brain booster in academic work, it will lead to detrimental effects. Social misfits cannot be solved by the drug, and this implies a further deterioration in health. The impact of uncontrolled use of marijuana among medical students is analyzed in below:Psycho-social HealthAccording to investigation by the University of Oregon (par. 5), marijuana addicts about 9% of people who begin using it the age of 18 years. This addiction is accompanied by withdrawal symptoms, such as anxiety, sleep disturbances, which often causes relapse, and irritability. Given that the brains of university students are still growing, marijuana use will results to high addiction rates amounting to 17% in a period of 2 years. This will disrupt the students live to a great deal following the great risk of using it at the schooling age. In this case, it will be impossible for them to focus on their profession. Negative Effects on Mental HealthMarijuana causes fluctuations in anxiety and mood to the extent of persistent beyond description. Frequent marijuana users experience increased depressive and anxiety disorders to a point that the direction of causality is indescribable. However, inasmuch as the effect of marijuana cannot be defined, it is evident that heavy use of the drug causes depression and anxiety disorders. The endogenous cannabinoid system is known to modulate the hypothalamus-pituitary- adrenal axis. Exogenous cannabinoids, including THC activate the main neuroendocrine system of response to stress through the HPA axis. Dysregulation of responses to stress...

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

What Is Astronomy and Who Does It

Astronomy is the scientific study of all objects in space. The word comes to us from the ancient Greek term for star law. Astrophysics, which is part of astronomy, goes a step further and applies the  laws of physics  to help us understand the origins of the universe and the objects in it. Both professional and amateur astronomers observe the universe and devise theories and applications to help understand the planets, stars, and galaxies.   Branches of Astronomy There are two main branches of astronomy: optical astronomy (the study of celestial objects in the visible band) and non-optical astronomy (the use of instruments to study objects in the radio through gamma-ray wavelengths). Non-optical is sorted into wavelength ranges, such as infrared astronomy, gamma-ray astronomy, radio astronomy, and so on.   Optical observatories operate both on the ground and in space (such as the Hubble Space Telescope).  Some, like HST, also have instruments sensitive to other wavelengths of light. However, there are also observatories dedicated to specific wavelength ranges, such as radio astronomy arrays. These instruments allow astronomers to create a picture of our universe that spans the entire electromagnetic spectrum, from low-energy radio signals,o ultra high-energy gamma rays. They give information about the evolution and physics of some of the most dynamic objects and processes in the universe, such as neutron stars,  black holes, gamma-ray bursts, and supernova explosions. These branches of astronomy work together to teach about the structure of the stars, planets, and galaxies.   Subfields of Astronomy There are so many types of objects that astronomers study, that it is convenient to break astronomy up into subfields of study. One area is called planetary astronomy, and researchers in this subfield focus their studies on planets, both within and outside our solar system, as well as objects like asteroids and comets.Solar astronomy is the study of the Sun. The scientists who are interested in learning how it changes, and to understand how these changes affect the Earth, are called solar physicists. They use both ground-based and space-based instruments to make nonstop studies of our star.  Stellar astronomy is the study of stars, including their creation, evolution, and deaths. Astronomers observe these objects across all wavelengths and apply the information to create physical models of the stars.Galactic astronomy focuses on the objects and processes at work in the Milky Way Galaxy. Its a very complex system of stars, nebulae, and dust. Astronomers study the motion and evolution of the Milky Way in order to learn how galaxies are formed.Beyond our galaxy lie countless others, and these are the focus of the discipline of extragalactic astronomy. Researchers study how galaxies move, form, break apart, merge, and change over time.  Cosmology  is the study of the origin, evolution, and structure of the universe in order to understand it. Cosmologists typically focus on the big picture and attempt to model what the universe would have looked like only moments after the Big Bang. Meet a Few Pioneers of Astronomy Over the centuries there have been countless innovators in astronomy, people who contributed to the development and advancement of the science. Today there are more than 11,000 trained astronomers in the world dedicated to the study of the cosmos. The most famous historical astronomers are those who made major discoveries that improved and expanded the science.   Nicolaus Copernicus  (1473 - 1543), was a Polish physician and lawyer by trade. His fascination with numbers and the study of the motions of celestial objects made him the so-called father of the current heliocentric model of the solar system. Tycho Brahe  (1546 - 1601) was a Danish nobleman who designed and built instruments to study the sky. These were not telescopes, but calculator-type machines that allowed him to chart the positions of planets and other celestial objects with such great precision. He hired  Johannes Kepler  (1571 - 1630), who started out as his student. Kepler continued Brahes work, and also made many discoveries of his own. He is credited with developing the  three laws of planetary motion. Galileo Galilei  (1564 - 1642) was the first to use a telescope to study the sky. He is sometimes credited (incorrectly) with being the creator of the telescope.  That honor probably belongs to Dutch optician Hans Lippershey.  Galileo made detailed studies of heavenly bodies. He was the first to conclude that the Moon was likely similar in composition to planet Earth and that the Sun’s surface changed (i.e., the motion of sunspots on the Sun’s surface). He was also the first to see four of Jupiter’s moons, and the phases of Venus. Ultimately it was his observations of the Milky Way, specifically the detection of countless stars, that shook the scientific community. Isaac Newton  (1642 - 1727) is considered one of the greatest scientific minds of all time. He not only deduced the law of gravity but realized the need for a new type of mathematics (calculus) to describe it. His discoveries and theories dictated the direction of science for more than 200 years  and truly ushered in the era of modern astronomy. Albert Einstein  (1879 - 1955), famous for his development of  general relativity, a correction to Newton’s  law of gravity. But, his relation of energy to mass (EMC2) is also important to astronomy, as it is the basis for which we understand how the Sun, and other stars, fuse hydrogen into helium to create energy. Edwin Hubble  (1889 - 1953) is the man who discovered the expanding universe. Hubble answered two of the biggest questions plaguing astronomers at the time. He determined that so-called spiral nebulae were, in fact, other galaxies, proving that the Universe extends well beyond our own galaxy. Hubble then followed up that discovery by showing that these other galaxies were receding at speeds proportional to their distances away from us. The Stephen Hawking  (1942 - 2018), one of the great modern scientists. Very few people have contributed more to the advancement of their fields than Stephen Hawking. His work significantly increased our  knowledge of black holes  and other exotic celestial objects. Also, and perhaps more importantly, Hawking made significant strides in advancing our understanding of the universe and its creation. Updated and edited by Carolyn Collins Petersen.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Benefits and Risks of Outsourcing - 1269 Words

Out sourcing Development of specific skills: Out sourcing benefits the development of specific skills at a corporation level the same way off shoring does at a global level. Companies outsource in order to take advantage of specialized skills and knowledge that itself does not own or that can’t be efficiently acquired. In this case out sourcing leads to higher efficiency and better quality provided by third parties for a specific business processes. Moreover the third parties can further specialize to take advantage of the resulting economies of scale and mitigate the possible shortage of specific skilled and talented workers. Focus on core competencies: Similar to the effect on the third parties, out sourcing provides out-sourcing companies the opportunity to focus on specific business competencies in which they possess clear comparative advantage. Therefore resources and capitals are not used in tasks where the company does not possess comparative advantage, but are utilized at their full potential and highest efficiency in their core business processes. Labor flexibility: Out sourcing means that a company does not actually own or invest in the capital and resources required for that specific business process, but it acquires it from a third part. As a consequence, it posses the flexibility to increase or decrease the quantity of services or merchandise provided by the third party according to its needs, as long as it does not breach the contract. In extreme cases, theShow MoreRelatedThe Risk And Benefits Of Outsourcing Supply Chain And Risk Management Essay961 Words   |  4 Pages The Risk and Benefits of Outsourcing Supply Chain and Risk Management. How Boeing 787 Supply Chain Issues Affected Other Industries? 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The New York City Emergency Plan free essay sample

A paper which discusses the way the N.Y.C. Emergency plan should be revised after it was put to the test on September 11th. The paper shows that currently the New York City Emergency Plan is solid and has been tested and re-tested many times over. The World Trade Tower bombing of September, 11, 2002 put the plan to the ultimate test. The paper discusses that, overall, the emergency plan worked very well, considering the size and scope of the emergency. However, it also brought out some areas in need of improvement. The paper shows that the key issues which need to be addressed are the need for secondary and tertiary backup plans for the command control center and hospital scheme. Also, it shows that it has become painstakingly clear, that even though the plan is in place, when the actual emergency occurred, police officers and other key authority figures did not know where to tell the public where to go or what to do. We will write a custom essay sample on The New York City Emergency Plan or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The paper discusses the potential disasters N.Y.C. might face and the steps taken to plan for them. The theme of the program will be a simple question, What would you do? This question will be followed by a scenario involving a disaster. All ads will be designed to spark thoughts of the possibility of the occurrence suggested and evoke thoughts of what they would do if the same disaster struck right now. Information on certain disasters, such as hurricane and storm safety, fire safety, and other safety issues will be an integral part of this program. The ads are not supposed to invoke panic, but rather to alleviate it. Panic occurs when there is a lack of a plan of action. This advertising campaign is aimed at getting people to develop plans, where-ever they happen to be. People who have a plan do not panic as easily and will respond in a more efficient manner to unexpected events.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Racial Profiling Against Aboriginal People free essay sample

For the historical reason, First nation people seldom get involved in the white-dominated society. To begin with, many aboriginal people, especially in North Saskatchewan, live in the Indian reserves, which is far away from cities. In the reserve, native people have their own way of dealing with matters, and quite a few of them that do not fit the modern society standards. According to an exclusive Ipsos Reid poll conducted for Postmedia News More than four out of five Canadians don’t want more money sent to aboriginal reserves unless proper, independent audits are conducted to ensure financial accountability. Secondly, 30 percent of the aboriginal population are tax-exempt. In other words, first nation group make less contribution to the society than any other group do and get more rewards than any other race groups in Canada though aboriginal welfare system. Also, the contrary between the extremely low fee on the aboriginal students and the very limited amount of them are willing to receive higher education is very disturbing to many Canadians, therefore, it’s no surprise that many people are questioning is it wise for government to pay huge amount of taxpayer’s money on aboriginal education. We will write a custom essay sample on Racial Profiling Against Aboriginal People or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page What’s more, given certain Indian culture backgrounds, it seems like amongst all racial groups in Canada, First nation people are most likely to get involved in serious social problems, such as illegal Gambling, drug problem, female abusing and even the high suicide rate in aboriginal youth. In 2004-05, Aboriginal offenders represented 16. 2% of the total federal offender population and 20% of the provincial/territorial offender population, while Aboriginal adults accounted for only 2. % of the Canadian adult population in the last Canadian census(Tanya Rugge). Due to the overrepresentation within the criminal justice system, the stereotyped image of uneducated, violent aboriginal people is rooted in many people’s head even they often denying for being racists. Like Mrs. Wegner, the mother of one of the victims said in the documentary:† We are not valued as human being—we are Indians. †(Hubbard). Lastly, the authority structures failed to address raci al profiling effectively. In the documentary, RCMP did not hold a clean and full investigation on those two officers who were the top suspects of murdering Rodney Naistus and Lawrence Wegner, they ended up to serve 4 months sentence behind the bar, they almost gone scot-free. Even though in the movie, a new chief is hired and he meant to fix the relationships with aboriginals, but individual’s effort can’t fix the flaws in the whole criminal justice system, nor stopped another native man, Neil Stonechild, to die out of cold shortly after his meeting with aboriginal elderly. In a word, the racial profiling is seems to be inevitably, since the legal system produces and reproduces the essential character of law as a means f rationalizing, normalizing, and legitimizing social control on behalf of those who hold power and the interests they represent(Carol. Tator,Henry, Frances 2006) In conclusion, racial profiling leaves real and direct consequences to people who experiencing it. Isolating and distorting is no way near the solutions, only with joined efforts, we could forge an empowering future for both aboriginals and non-aboriginals people. Reference 1 â€Å"two worlds Colliding†, Tasha Hubbard . 10 February 2005 (Canada). 2 Michael Woods, â€Å"Majority of Canadians concerned about financial accountability on First Nations reserves: poll†. Postmedia News , 13/01/15. 3 Tanya, Rugge. lt;Risk assessment of male aboriginal offenders: A 2006 perspectivegt;. Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada, 2006. 4 Carol,Tatoramp;Henryamp; Frances.? Racial Profiling in Canada: Challenging the Myth of a Few Bad Apples?. University of Toronto Press Incorporated 2006.